I have tried to put in the basic setup required to set up Accounts Payable in Oracle 11i in this article.
I will limit the article to only AP setup, assuming basic setup of other dependent modules like General Ledger and Oracle Purchasing is already done. I have knowingly avoided the setup of some features of Oracle Payables like Automatic Payment, Withholding Tax, Credit Card, Procurement Card, Expense Report, Invoice Approval etc. Some of my previous articles speak on some of these topics like Procurement Card and Setting up Invoice Approval. Only some of the very basic setup that one needs to make Payables up and running is mentioned in this article.
1. Define your Responsibilities and attach your custom Menus to it in System Administrator.
2. Setup your Descriptive Flexfields (Invoice header and line, Supplier and Supplier Site, etc) depending on the requirement.
3. If you want to enter foreign currency transactions, define additional rate types, and enter your daily rates in General Ledger module.
4. Define your accounting period types and accounting calendar periods in General Ledger.
5. Define a set of books in General Ledger. Then, specify a set of books name and assign it a calendar, functional currency, and a chart of accounts structure.
6. Assign Document Sequence in System Administrator responsibility. This is necessary if you wish to have an unique sequence number attached to each invoice, credit/debit memo that you create. Navigation: System Administrator > Application > Document > Assign
7. Set up your System Profile options IN system Administrator responsibility. I am listing down some of the more important Profile options that we usually fill in.
MO: Default Operating Unit
MO: Distributed Environment
MO: Operating Unit
MO: Security Profile
AP: Use Invoice Batch Controls
GL Set of Books Name
Tax: Allow Override of Tax Code
HR: Security Profile
8. Select your Set of Books in Accounts Payable. Navigation: Setup > Set of Books > Choose
9. Define the Payable Lookups like 'TAX TYPE', 'SOURCE' (Invoice source types, if you are importing invoices using AP Open interface from various systems), AWT Certificate and AWT Rate Types, etc.
10. Define your Purchasing Lookups like 'PAY GROUP', VENDOR TYPE', etc.
11. Define distribution sets. You can use a distribution set to automatically enter distributions for an invoice. If you use Multiple Organization Support, perform this step for each organization. You can assign a default Distribution Set to a supplier site so Payables will use it for every invoice you enter for that supplier site.
12. Setup Employees. If Oracle HRMS is already installed, use this to setup Employees, else you can use Payables module to setup employees. Navigation: Payables> Employees> Enter Employees. Ensure that the correct email address is provided, so that Oracle Workflow and Alert messages can reach to targeted person automatically.
13. Setup Country. Select the Address Style that you wish to use.
14. Setup Locations.
15. Check that Inventory Organization is defined in Oracle Inventory or Oracle Purchasing module.
16. Next very important step is to set up the Financial Options (Setup > Options > Financials).
Define your following accounts: Liability, Prepayment, Future Dated Payment, Discount-taken, PO Rate variance Gain/Loss, Expenses Clearing and Miscellaneous.
Define the Supplier Numbering i.e. should you use Manual numbering or Automatic numbering of Suppliers. Also this number could be Alphanumeric or a pure Number. In case of automatic numbering, you have to specify the starting number.
Also, we define the default Supplier Payment Terms and Payment Method. Please note that we also define the same at Supplier/Supplier Site which overrides the default setup here. However, while creating the invoice we can override the Payment Terms and Payment Method defined earlier in Financial Options, Supplier/Supplier Site and this is only considered during payment.
We also, define the default Ship-to location, Bill-to location, Inventory organization, Encumbrance, Default Tax code, tax calculation rounding rules and HR Business Group and Employee numbering method (Automatic/Manual).
17. Setting up Payable Options (Setup > Options > Payables): First define your Primary Accounting Method. Usually this is Accrual type. If you want to use combined basis accounting, select Accrual as your primary accounting method, and Cash as your secondary accounting method. If you do not want to use a secondary accounting method, select ‘None’ as the secondary accounting method. I am mentioning the most common settings used in most of the organizations.
Set in “Transfer to GL’ tab,
Transfer to GL
Summarize By Accounting Date
Summarize by accounting Period
Submit Journal Import
Transfer Reporting SOB
Override Submission Program
Submit journal import
Account for Payment
When Payment is issues–Yes
When payment Clears -Yes
Account for Gain/Loss
When Payment is issues–Yes
When payment Clears -Yes
For each Invoice
Future Dated Payment
From payment Document
Use this region to enable multiple currencies in Oracle Payables and define currency defaults for your foreign currency invoices and payments.
Use Multiple Currencies
Require Exchange Rate Entry
Calculate user exchange rate
Exchange Rate Type
GL Accounts: realized Gain
Enter the Account for Realized Gain
GL Accounts: realized Gain
Enter the Account for Realized Loss
Enter the Account for Rounding Errors
Use Invoice Approval Workflow
Yes (If you do not want to use this, set this as No)
Allow Force approval
Yes (If ‘Use Invoice Approval Workflow’ is ‘No’ then this is not selected)
Require Validation Before approval
Use Batch Controls
Confirm Date as Invoice number
Allow Online Approval
Allow Adjustments to Paid Invoices
Recalculate Schedule Payments
Allow Document Category Override
Automatically Create Freight Distribution
Withholding Tax (Retention Money)
Use Withholding Tax
No (Set as Yes if you use Withholding tax)
Allow manual Withholding
Apply Withholding Tax
Withholding Amount Basis (checkbox)
Include Discount Amount
Include Tax Amount
Create Withholding Invoice
If you are using Withholding tax then set ‘Use Withholding Tax” as ‘Yes’, and ‘Create Withholding Tax’ either during Invoice creation or during making a payment. However, to setup Withholding tax you need to create your Tax Authority as a Supplier, and set up Withholding tax codes accordingly. Associate the defined withholding tax codes to the suppliers from whom you would like to withhold tax.
Setting up AP Accounting Period (Payables > Setup > Calendar >AP Accounting Periods)
Use this form to define Period Status which Oracle Payable periods as Never Opened, Future, Open, Closed, and Permanently Closed. The values default from GL Set ups.
Setting up AP Aging Period (Payables>Setup>Calendar>Aging Periods)
Use this form to define the aging periods you want to use for your Invoice Aging Report
E.g. of Aging Period
Due < 30 days
Due <o 60 days
Due < 90 days
Due < 6 Months
Setting up Document Sequencing (System admin > Application > Document > Define)
Define document sequences for Standard Invoices, Debit/Credit Memo, PO Default, Mixed, Quick match & Vendor Prepayment
Defining Document Categories (System admin > Application > Document > Categories)
A document category defines what type of transactions you will be assigning document numbers to. It also specifies what table the transaction information will be written to. This step is optional for Oracle Payables transactions because Payables seeds categories for all payment and invoice types.
Assigning Document Categories (System admin > Application > Document > Assign)
Use this form to assign your defined document sequences
In this article i have not elaborated on many of the settings like Withholding Tax, Expense Report, Credit Card, Invoice Approval, etc which I have not delved into. Hopefully in subsequent articles i will blog on some of these ones in detail.